گزارش چشم انداز جهاني انرژي 2012 - World Energy Outlook 2012
(1391/10/10) - گزارش چشم انداز جهاني انرژي

World Energy Outlook 2012

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Table of Contents

PART A. GLOBAL ENERGY TRENDS
1. Understanding the scenarios
-Defining the scenarioes
-Non-policy assumptions
--Economic growth
--Population
--Energy prices
--CO2 policies
--Technology
2. Energy trends to 2035
-Global energy trends by scenario
-Energy trends in the New Policies Scenario
--Primary energy demand
--Energy supply and trade
--Energy-related CO2 emissions
--Economic implications
-US Developments redefining the global energy map
--Diverging trends in energy dependency
--The impact of unconventional gas
--The direction of oil trade and supply security
3. Oil Market Outlook
-Demand
--Primatey oi demand trends
--Regional trends
--Sectoral Trends
--Special topic: heavy freight road transport
-Supply
--Reserves and resources
--Production prospects
--Trade
--Investment in oil and gas
4. Natural Gas Market Outlook
-Demand
--Gas demand trends
--Regional trends
--Sectoral trends
-Production
--Reserves and resources
--Gas production prospects
--Focus on prospects for unconventional gas
-Trade
--Inter-regional trade
--The pricing of internationally traded gas
-Investment
5. Coal Market Outlook
-Demand
--Overview of global demand trends
--Sectoral trends
--Regional trends
-Supply
--Reserves and resources
--Overview of global supply trends
--Regional trends
-Coal markets and industry trends
--Developments in international pricing
--Cost and investment developments
6. Power Sector Outlook
-Electricity demand
-Electricity supply
--Capacity retirements and additions
--Fossil fuelled generation
--Nuclear power
--Renewables
--Transmission and distribution
--Investment
--CO2 emissions
-Regional trends
-Focus on electricity prices
7. Renewable Energy Outlook
-Recent developemnts
-Outlook for renewable energy by scenario
-Outlook by type in the New Policies Scenario
--Focus on bioenergy
--Hydropower
--Wind power
--Solar photovoltaics
--Other renewables for electricity and heat
-Cost of renewables
--Investment
--Production costs
--Subsidies to renewables
--Integratio fo variable renewables into the electricity system
-Benefits of renewables
8. Climate change mitigation and the 450 Scenario
-Introduction
-Recent developments
-The world of the 450 scenario
--Comparison to other scenarios
--Primary energy demand and electricity generation in the 450 scenario
--Energy-related emissions and abatement
--Benefits fo the 450 scenario
-Carbon in energy reserves and energy infrastructure
--Potential CO2 emissions in fossil-fuel reserves
--Emissiosn lock-in
PART B.  FOCUS ON ENERGY EFFICIENCY
9. Energy efficiency: The current state of play
-Introduction
-The current status of energy efficiency
--Existing policies
--Barriers to energy efficiency deployment
-The outlook for energy efficiency
--Trends by region
--Trends by sector
--Role in reducing CO2 emissions
--Untapped economically viable potential in the New Policies Scenario
10. A blueprint for an energy efficient world
-The Efficient World Scenario
--Introduction
--Methodology and assumptions
-Energy marktes in the Efficient World Scenario
--Trends by fuel
--Energy intensity
--Energy prices
--Energy trade
--Investment and fuel savings
-Implications for the global economy
-Environmental implications
--Energy-related CO2 emissions
--Local pollution
-The role of energy efficiency in increasing energy access
-Building the Efficient World Scenario: A Blueprint for savings
11. Unlocking energy efficiency at the sectoral level
-The balance of sectoral opportunities
-Buildings
--Techno-economic potential and policy framework
--Outlook
--Trends by sub-sector
-Industry
--Techno-economic potential and policy framework
--Outlook
--Trends by sub-sector
-Transport
--Techno-economic potential and polity framework
--Outlook
--Trends by sub-sector
-Power generation and electricity demand
--Techno-economic potential and policy framework
--Outlook
12. Pathways to energy efficiency
-What is included in the profiles?
--How to read the profiles
-World
-United States
-European Union
-Japan
-China
-India
PART C. IRAQ ENERGY OUTLOOK
13. Iraq Today: Energy and the economy
-Iraq's energy sector
--Overview of energy supply
--Overview of energy demand
-The context for Iraq's energy development
--The economy
--Legal and institutional framework
--Security
--Environment and water
-Projecting future developments
14. Iraq oil and gas resources and supply potential
-Oil
--Reserves and resources
--Production
--Crude oil conversion and bringing oil to market
--Water requirements
-Natural Gas
--Reserves and resources
--Production
-Oil and gas investment
15. Iraq: Fuelling future reconstruction and growth
-Overview of energy demand trends
-Outlook for the power sector in the Central Scenario
--Electricity demand
--Electricity generation
--Transmission and distribution
--Investment in the power sector
--Measuring the value of changes in the power sector
-Outlook for end-use sectors
--Transport
--Industry
--Buildings and other sectors
-Environment
--Energy-related emissions
--Water
-High case
-Delayed case
16. Implications of Iraq's energy development
-Energy in Iraq's economic and social development
--The Central Scenario
--Economic development in the High and Delayed Cases
-Iraq's impact on international oil markets
--The Central Scenario
--Iraq's oil market impact in the High and Delayed Cases
-Iraq's impact on international gas markets
PART D. SPECIAL TOPICS
17. Water for energy
-Introduction
--Facing a more water constrained future
-Water for energy linkages
--Primary energy production
--Electricity generation
--The vulnerability of energy to water constraints
-Outlook for water requirements for energy production
-Regional stress points
--China
--India
--United States
--Canada
18. Measuring progress towards energy for all
-Introduction
-Global status of modern energy access
-Outlook for energy access in the New Policies Scenario
--Access to electricity
--Acces to clean cooking facilities
-Energy for All Case
-Energy Development Index
--Energy development framework
--Results from the Energy Development Index
Annexes
Annex A. Tables for scenario projections
Annex B. Policies and measures by scenario
Annex C. Definitions
Annex D. References

 

 

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گزارش چشم انداز جهاني انرژي 2012
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يکشنبه 22 تير 1399
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